Sunday, May 22, 2011



Ek Onkar (Gurmukhi: ੴ, ਇੱਕ ਓਅੰਕਾਰ; Ikk Ōankār IPA: [ɪkː oəŋkɑɾ]) is a central tenet of Sikh religious philosophy. It is a symbol of the unity of God in Sikhism, and is found on all religious scriptures and places such as Gurdwaras. Derived from Punjabi, Ik Onkār is the first phrase in the Mul Mantar referring to the existence of "One God". It is found in the Gurmukhi script and is consequently also part of the Sikh morning prayer, Japji Sahib. It is a combination of two characters, the numeral ੧, Ikk (one) and the first letter of the word Onkar (God) - which also happens to be the first letter of the Gurmukhī script - an ūrā, ੳ, coupled with a specially adapted vowel symbol hōrā, yielding ਓ.


It was also the opening phrase of the Mul Mantar, present as opening phrase in the Guru Granth Sahib, and the first composition of Guru Nanak. Further, the Mul Mantar is also at the beginning of the Japji Sahib, followed by 38 hymns and a final Salok at the end of this composition.
Simplified transliteration: ikk ōnkār satināmu karatā puraku nirapǎ'u niraver akāl mūrat ajūnī sepàng gurprasād
English: One Universal Creator, the Name is Truth, Creative Being (personified), Without fear, Without hatred, timeless Image, beyond birth and Self-existent by the Guru's Grace.
Below is the Complete First Bani /Opening part of Shri Guru Granth Sahib
ੴ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥ 
ੴ सति नामु करता पुरखु निरभउ निरवैरु अकाल मूरति अजूनी सैभं गुर प्रसादि ॥ 
Ik-onkaar sat naam kartaa purakh nirbha-o nirvair akaal moorat ajoonee saibhan gur parsaad. 
One Universal Creator God. The Name Is Truth. Creative Being Personified. No Fear. No Hatred. Image Of The Undying, Beyond Birth, Self-Existent. By Guru's Grace.
॥ ਜਪੁ ॥ 
॥ जपु ॥ 
Chant And Meditate:
ਆਦਿ ਸਚੁ ਜੁਗਾਦਿ ਸਚੁ ॥ 
आदि सचु जुगादि सचु ॥ 
Aad sach jugaad sach. 
True In The Primal Beginning. True Throughout The Ages.
ਹੈ ਭੀ ਸਚੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਹੋਸੀ ਭੀ ਸਚੁ ॥੧॥ 
है भी सचु नानक होसी भी सचु ॥१॥ 
Hai bhee sach naanak hosee bhee sach. ||1||
True Here And Now. O Nanak, Forever And Ever True. ||1||
ਸੋਚੈ ਸੋਚਿ ਨ ਹੋਵਈ ਜੇ ਸੋਚੀ ਲਖ ਵਾਰ ॥
सोचै सोचि न होवई जे सोची लख वार ॥ 
Sochai soch na hova-ee jay sochee lakh vaar. 
By thinking, He cannot be reduced to thought, even by thinking hundreds of thousands of times.
ਚੁਪੈ ਚੁਪ ਨ ਹੋਵਈ ਜੇ ਲਾਇ ਰਹਾ ਲਿਵ ਤਾਰ ॥
चुपै चुप न होवई जे लाइ रहा लिव तार ॥ 
chupai chup na hova-ee jay laa-ay rahaa liv taar. 
By remaining silent, inner silence is not obtained, even by remaining lovingly absorbed deep within.
ਭੁਖਿਆ ਭੁਖ ਨ ਉਤਰੀ ਜੇ ਬੰਨਾ ਪੁਰੀਆ ਭਾਰ ॥
भुखिआ भुख न उतरी जे बंना पुरीआ भार ॥ 
Bhukhi-aa bhukh na utree jay bannaa puree-aa bhaar. 
The hunger of the hungry is not appeased, even by piling up loads of worldly goods.
ਸਹਸ ਸਿਆਣਪਾ ਲਖ ਹੋਹਿ ਤ ਇਕ ਨ ਚਲੈ ਨਾਲਿ ॥ 
सहस सिआणपा लख होहि त इक न चलै नालि ॥ 
Sahas si-aanpaa lakh hohi ta ik na chalai naal. 
Hundreds of thousands of clever tricks, but not even one of them will go along with you in the end. 
ਕਿਵ ਸਚਿਆਰਾ ਹੋਈਐ ਕਿਵ ਕੂੜੈ ਤੁਟੈ ਪਾਲਿ ॥ 
किव सचिआरा होईऐ किव कूड़ै तुटै पालि ॥ 
Kiv sachi-aaraa ho-ee-ai kiv koorhai tutai paal. 
So how can you become truthful? And how can the veil of illusion be torn away? 
ਹੁਕਮਿ ਰਜਾਈ ਚਲਣਾ ਨਾਨਕ ਲਿਖਿਆ ਨਾਲਿ ॥੧॥ 
हुकमि रजाई चलणा नानक लिखिआ नालि ॥१॥ 
Hukam rajaa-ee chalnaa naanak likhi-aa naal. ||1|| 
O Nanak, it is written that you shall obey the Hukam of His Command, and walk in the Way of His Will. ||1||

(Inputs from
(Pictures: Google,



  1. सतनाम वाहे गुरू!
    वाह गुरू जी का खालसा!
    वाहे गुरू जी की फतह!!

  2. Oh! Sunny, wonderful post.
    You have done an excellent job.
    I am really obliged.

  3. Thanks Rakesh Sir!
    This is just a small effort made by me to bring some good Articles on Sikh Religion. It was actually ur idea, because u wanted me to write some thing about the Sikh Gurus.... dats why i have made a new blog which is entirely dedicated to Sikhism. I will try to provide as much information as possible through this Medium.
    Thanks !

  4. The first bani of Guru Granth Saheb Ji...Really Beautiful!
    Thanks for explaining the meaning of it.
    Wahe Guruji ka Khalsa...Wahe Guruji ki Fateh!


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